The addicted persons are mentally, physically sick. They go through the practice of bad habits. Addiction is a brain disorder or disease where the brain’s Reward system malfunctions and we find the addicted people are engaged in irrational, illogical activities in satisfying stimuli despite of argumentative circumstances. They are responsive to persistently greater deal of addictive stimulus like morphine, cocaine, etc.
The persons with greater level of addictive stimuli may react violently, recklessly or may even die if they are not supplied with the drugs. Alcoholism, gambling, sexual intercourse are the major varieties of addiction that make a person isolated from the entire society.
As it is a fatal type of disease, it requires a good psychological and medical attention. The affected persons can be provided with drug treatment that is intended to aid the abused users to prevent the violent usage of drugs and defend them from the hostile effects of it.
Drug treatment is a long process as the drug abuse is a chronic disorder and remedy doesn’t come in a short period of time. Some efficient steps can be applied to fight back addiction perfectly.
- Disulfiram and acamprosate are the best medications that are available for individuals who are severely addicted to alcohol.
- The persons who are addicted to drugs such as opium and nicotine (Tobacco) are treated with different drugs such as methadone, the individuals for opium are treated with naltrexone and individuals for tobacco are treated with varenicline and bupropion.
- Many persons are addicted to the recommended drugs and their treatment is the same as that of drug abuse that affects the brain. Like the medicine, buprenorphine can be used to treat both heroin obsession and addiction to medications for opium pain treatment.
Behavioral treatments can be beneficial for people to take part in drug abuse therapies and teach ways to cope up with drugs and help them to against relapse if it occurs.
The latest form of treatment is group therapies that are prescribed to the addicted individuals. In this treatment, the individuals are provided with social support and help in enforcing behavioral incidents that will help the lead a non-drug-using lifestyle.
- Finally, individuals who are severely addicted to alcohol or drug abuse or any kind of addictions suffer from depression and also face various types of social, legal and family problems.
The most effective way, the individual is provided with a combination of therapies like antidepressants, anti-anxiety agents, temper stabilizers, and antipsychotic medicines that may be used when the person or individual is facing anxiety or bipolar disorders.
Most of the critically addicted individuals need to be treated with multiple drugs and need proper attention.