The human body contains veins, arteries, and capillaries through which blood moves to and from the heart. This system is considered as a network system. There occurs blood transformation that carries oxygen from the lungs to the whole body and it again brings back carbon dioxide given off by the body’s cells back to the lungs to expel it.
Sometimes, these ways face troubles either by weakness or thickness where weakness allows bleeding within the body and thickness causes clots. In some cases, the vessel has the capacity to create a balloon-like bulge that filled with blood, known as an aneurysm. Aneurysms can create a clot that restricts flow of blood. But vascular surgery can help to correct the problem.
An aneurysm can rupture if it is not treated. This rupturing of the artery causes bleeding and subsequently hypovolemic shock and finally causes death.
Processes of Vascular Surgery
To repair the mentioned flaws, the injured person must take vascular surgery. Here, your physician will apply an anesthetic to alleviate your pain. During your anesthetic season the doctor will make an incision in the area where the arterial weakness is remaining.
Your doctor will clamp the artery above an aneurysm, once the site is revealed that resists blood from entering the area. The next step is to open the actual sack and remove any clotted blood or plaque deposits that could be attributed to the buildup.
In need, your physician will remove the damaged area of the artery if the portion is small. The physician can replace it with a vein from your leg. Although the artery is much larger, it is replaceable. For example, your aorta, then a synthetic graft will replace the damaged area.
There are still some other ways where your physician may not remove an aneurysm. Instead, he or she will insert a graft after the removal of any clots or plague that will reduce the overall size of the arterial wall while giving it added support.
In some areas, your surgeon cannot operate directly on the aneurysm such as- the head. In this example, he will insert clips or small clamps to stop blood from entering the area that helps to relieve the pressure. Your doctor can still try to fill it with tiny metal or plastic coils if the bulge is in an inoperable location. To perform this, a long, a catheter (thin tube) threads through your vessels to the aneurysm site. The catheter deposits the coils to interrupt blood flow and relieve the pressure.
Last Step of Vascular Surgery
You will need to stay several days in the hospital after your procedure which depends on your overall health. You may have to stay there for a week to 10 days. In some cases, you may be in the intensive care unit for some days after the procedure.
Until your complete recovery, you will have to maintain some instructions have been prescribed by your physician to ensure your incision heals adequately.
In addition to hospital recovery, when released you will have instructions to follow. You should follow them completely to ensure that your incision heals completely.
At last, it is necessary to follow up with your doctor. During the follow-up, your physician will check to ensure any grafts, clips, coils, or patches are functioning properly and that an aneurysm is not redeveloping.